10 Must-see Sights of St. Petersburg
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10 Must-see Sights of St. Petersburg
It is Russia's representative palace building, currently known as one of the world's four top museums with the British Museum, the Louvre and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It was once the private museum of Queen Catherine II, and collects precious works of art from all over the world. There are four treasures in the museum: the Egyptian mummies (Showroom No. 100), the peacock clock (Showroom No. 204), Da Vinci's The Virgin of the Rocks (Showroom No. 214), and Rembrandt's The Return of the Prodigal Son (Showroom No. 254).
The summer palace built by Peter the Great, is located in the forest by the Gulf of Finland. As a magnificent palace surrounded by fountains, woods and flowers, it is known as the “Russian Versailles”. The garden of the Summer Palace with beautiful flowers and lush trees is one of the most beautiful places in St. Petersburg. The Samson Fountain in front of the Palace is very prestigious and worth visiting.
The Catherine Palace is a summer villa built by Peter the Great for Queen Catherine, and has reached its current size upon multiple expansions. The outer wall of the Palace is decorated in three colors, i.e. blue, white and gold, like a Russian girl with blond hair and blue eyes, fresh and graceful. The well-known Amber Room here is decorated with amber and gold, which is extremely luxurious and worth visiting.
The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is also known as the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ and Church on Spilled Blood. Its blueprint is the Saint Basil's Cathedral of Moscow. As a pure Russian-style building, it is quite rare in the St. Petersburg area. The colorful "Onion Head" outside the church is very beautiful and eye-catching, with beautiful mosaics and murals inside for visiting and appreciation by tourists.
The State Russian Museum is another important museum in St. Petersburg, in addition to the Winter Palace. It is located in downtown and its predecessor is the magnificent Mikhailovsky Castle of St. Petersburg. The museum houses a collection of fine Russian art, including the most stunning paintings, i.e. Barge Haulers on the Volga (Showroom No. 33) and the Ceremonial Session of the State Council (Showroom No. 54).
As one of the largest churches in St. Petersburg, St. Isaac's Cathedral is located in the square of the same name and took 40 years to complete. The church building is magnificent and exquisite, and it is decorated with 410 km of gold. It is one of the four largest cathedrals in the world. Visitors can climb to the dome of the church to overlook the beautiful city St. Petersburg.
Located by the Neva River of downtown, the Peter and Paul Fortress is the landmark ancient building of St. Petersburg. The foundation of the Fortress was laid by Peter the Great on the Hare Island in 1703. It was the beginning of St. Petersburg and has stood for more than three centuries up to now. You may visit the buildings such as Peter and Paul Cathedral, St. Peter's Gate, Peter the Great's Houseboat, and the Monument to the Decembrists in the Fortress. In addition, you may also walk along the Fortress's battlements to enjoy the scenery of the Neva River. 20197
Located on Nevsky Prospekt, the Kazan Cathedral was designed by Andrey Voronikhin and built between 1801 and 1811. Influenced by the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, it’s outside is in the typical imperial architectural style of the 18th and 19th centuries. There is a square in front of the Kazan Cathedral for visitors to rest and play. Among the nearly 200,000 collections, the most interesting ones are the Chinese folk new year pictures collected by Alekseyev, a Russian sinologist, from 1906 to 1907. The 1,000 folk pictures can be called as the best complete set of Chinese new year pictures in the world.
No doubt, Nevsky Prospekt is the most prosperous street of St. Petersburg. In 1776, Nevsky Prospekt was developed into a commercial street. Since then, many luxurious buildings have been built on the street under the neat and uniform planning. Therefore, Nevsky Prospekt is also renowned as “one of the most beautiful streets in the world”. It has the city's largest bookstores, food stores, department stores and expensive shopping malls. Handsome guys and gorgeous girls can be seen everywhere. Most of the city's main attractions are gathered here. The sightseeing center of Nevsky Prospekt is on the west side. Many landscapes are concentrated in the area of about 1.3 km between the former Department of the Navy and the Anichkov Bridge. You may enjoy a variety of churches, celebrities' homes and historical sites nearby.
Known as the “Tsarskoye Selo”, Pushkin City consists of two royal palaces, i.e. the Catherine Palace and the Alexandra Palace. It was so named because Pushkin once lived and studied here. The Pushkin City is a structurally complete and colorful garden building complex combining Baroque's resplendence, the nature of classicism, and the sentimentality of romanticism with Chinese-style exoticism. The unique architectural style can be traced back to the early 18th century. To visit the Tsarskoye Selo, you should set aside at least one day and prepare some food for the trip.