The most complete ancient water conservancy project in Shaanxi that is still functioning today-Wumenyan, which has been more than two thousand years ago🦎
It has the style of Dujiangyan, built weirs to divert water and flood and prevent sand, but it is not developed and raised in deep boudoirs. Approaching to the front, the fine water is blowing on the face, the sound of water is gurgling, after several generations of reinforcement and repair, the gurgling of clean water still waters thousands of acres of fertile land. . .
According to legend, Wumenyan was built in the early years of the Western Han Dynasty by Xiao He and Cao Shen; it is also said that it was founded in the New Han Dynasty Wang Mang period. During the Three Kingdoms period, Zhuge Liang stationed troops in Hanzhong, persuaded the peasants to teach martial arts, carried out the policy of farming war, and “increased and built up the trails of Wumenyan.” Later dynasties have successively repaired and expanded, and today the river dam is made of steel wire braiding. The inner river pebble is fixed as a dam, and the weir head river embankment is a solid project made of stone bars. It has always been known as the source of life for the people of Chenggu. On the Weishui River in Juyuan Township, 15 kilometers north of Chenggu County, it still exerts benefits. Wumenyan was originally a soil weir and was prone to collapse. Weirs are built in winter and spring, water is used in summer, and the weirs are destroyed by rising water in late summer and early autumn. Year after year, the cycle goes back and forth, and the people are miserable. From the Yuan Huizong to the eighth year of Zhengzheng, the county magistrate Punan waste soil weir was built with stone bars. There are five gates in Qutou, two in the east and three in the west, which can be opened and closed, hence the name Wumenyan. In this overhaul, Punan not only repaired the weir head, but also excavated the bouldering spout at the northern foot of Doosan, which flows ten miles south of the weir, to open a stone canal instead of the previous method of using a tree as a trough. The fifth year of Emperor Xiaozong of the Ming Dynasty; Hao Sheng, an official in the Hanzhong prefectural government and a seal in Chenggu County, mobilized the masses to further excavate the stone mouth into a gorge, two feet deep, and wide, making Wumenyan The water flows unimpeded. Qiao Qifeng, the county magistrate of the Wanli Emperor of the Ming Dynasty in the third year, and Gao Dengming, the county magistrate in the twenty-sixth year, successively presided over the expansion and expanded the Wumenyan Water Conservancy Project to its current scale. Wumenyan River flows from the south to Shixia and is divided into several branch canals, which irrigate more than 50,000 acres of fertile fields around Chenggu County. It extends to Weishui in the east and north, Shahe in the west, and Hanjiang in the south. It is the largest water conservancy in Chenggu. Wumenyan benefits the people, and there is a "Longmen Temple" with two courtyards on the west bank of Yantou. There is a Guanyin Pavilion on the Wumen Yantou sandwich platform. At present, there are still 36 halls of Yuji Hall, Great Buddha Hall and Taibai Building in Longmen Temple, and the cultural relics department allocates funds for maintenance every year. Make it both fresh and antique, and the ancient temple is just like. In recent years, it has been found that more than ten passes have been cleaned up during maintenance, or record the rise and fall of Wumenyan, or sing praises for the rulers; or record the occurrence of water fighting in the downstream; or the stone inscriptions of the water use regulations, and the cultural relics management department has repaired the stone tablets , And build pavilions and corridors for protection. Tasting these stone carvings, you can see the whole development process of Wumenyan and the historical dramas performed with this weir as the background. Wumenyan is one of the few ancient water conservancy buildings with a long history and well-preserved status in the country. The Longmen Temple on the west side of the weir head has great historical, artistic and scientific value; the west side of the weir head grows There is a centuries-old ancient medicinal tree, surrounded by a large number of people, and the canopy obscures the sky, making the ancient charm of Wumenyan Weirtou and Longmen Temple stronger, more mysterious and elegant. In addition, there are beautiful mountains and green waters, you can go boating in the spring, swim in the summer, go fishing in the fall, and watch the snow in the winter solstice. Gradually it has become a good place for local people to relax and travel.
Another important place to visit Chenggu this time is the Wumenyan Water Conservancy Project near the Orange Garden Scenic Area in the north of Chenggu. The water conservancy irrigation project started in the Western Han Dynasty. It was named Wumenyan because of the water intake at the head of the canal. It has been more than two thousand years ago and is still well preserved.
Wumenyan, an ancient low-dam irrigation project, is located in Dongou, Juyuan Town, 15 kilometers north of Chenggu County, Shaanxi Province, China. It is located on the west bank of the Moshui River, a tributary of the Han River, a tributary of the Yangtze River. It is called because the head of the canal is parallel to the five holes for water intake. Wumenyan. "Wumenyan was founded in the second year of Jushe in the Western Han Dynasty (AD 7)". It has a history of more than two thousand years. It has been well preserved and is still effective.
Seeing with your eyes can live up to Wumenyan's local feelings.
Preston_Dominguez: Wumenyan, Chenggu, Hanzhong, Shaanxi, China
Jeremy_Dodson: I recommended Wumenyan,Chengguxian Hanjia Ancestral Hall