Fenghuang Ancient Town gained fame after author Shen Cong Wen's famous piece "Border Town". The town was built during the reign of Emperor Kangxi during the Qing Dynasty. The residents living there now are mainly from the Miao and Tujia ethnic minority. Ranking as the top ancient town in China, Fenghuang Ancient Town is a guidebook for people to know the past life in the pre-modernization period. Wooden houses and stone roads are the typical scenes here. The scenery after rain or in the misty morning is like a traditional chinese painting. When the town lights up at night, it feels like you are immersed in a fairyland. It is recommended to stay for a night to fully enjoy this town.
The Tuo River is located in Fenghuang County. Tourists know it as the river along the walls of Phoenix Ancient Town. The Tuo River's waters are clear and blue, and centuries-old dwelling are contained on both banks of the river. On the south bank of the river lies an ancient city wall made of purple sandstone. Even after all these years, it still looks spectacular. Near the east gate of Minjiang River, there are attractions such as the Wanshou Building, Wanming Tower and the Zhancui Building. The "jumping rock" near the north gate of the river served as an important entry-exit point of the Phoenix Ancient City. It's a great spot for a photo!
The performance of the "Border Town" large-scale forest theater was mainly based on the story of the Mr. Shen Congwen's book "Border Town" and the character "Cui Cui" as the main line. The architectural design concept of theater is not only the characteristics of national culture, but also reflects the humanistic spirit of Phoenix Ancient Town.
Qiliang Cave is found in the north of the ancient city of Fenghuang. In the local area, there is a saying that "no other caves better than Qiliang Cave". There are mountains in the Qiliang Cave, and buildings in the cave, and there are cliffs, gardens and villages in the cave. The Yinyang river in the cave is the mysterious part of the cave. On the top of the high cave lie bats that signifies the darkness. Behind the water curtain on the riverside is the place where the previous Miao King held prisoners.
Shen Congwen's former residence is located in Zhongying Street in the ancient city of Fenghuang. The former residence was the place where Mr. Shen Congwen was born. It is a courtyard house with rich features of Xiangxi and has obvious Ming and Qing architectural styles. Many people come to Phoenix for Mr. Shen Congwen, because many of the classic works that have flowed out from him are familiar to everyone. The former residence of the gentleman was once regarded as the "Confucian Temple of the South." Every year, it attracts numerous literature lovers.
The Hanging Houses of Huilong Tower is a place where the Tujia people live and live. It is a typical architectural form that is complex and can show wealth in the Xiangxi and Western Hubei Tujia regions. It has a long history. Huilongge Hanging House is built on the mountain. The main house is built on the ground. The wing is connected to the main room in the field. The other three sides are suspended. Supported by pillars, the upper and lower floors are divided into two layers. The upper floor is ventilated, dry and moisture-proof. It is the living room; the lower floor is the pig pens or used to pile up debris.
Hongqiao Fengyu Building was built in the early years of Hongwu years. Its shape is unique and majestic. There are many wooden houses of different sizes on both sides of the street. There are many small department stores, and some shops sell local products. There are pedestrian corridors in the middle, covered with roofs. In the corridor, you can hear the sound of wind and rain. The first floor of Hongqiao Fengyu Building is mainly shops and grocery stores, and the second floor is a folk culture building. It houses many paintings, and is also a good place for sightseeing and drinking tea.
The Lijiang River Jumping Rock is one of the landmarks of the ancient city of Fenghuang. It is located on the Lijiang River outside the north gate of the ancient city. The Lijiang Jumping Rock was built in the 43rd year of the Qing Emperor Kangxi. It was one of the main passageways for the northeast to enter and exit the ancient city of Fenghuang. Because people have to step on this road when they pass by, they cross the river and jump, and the name "jumping rock" gets its name. From the middle of the rock jumping to the Lijiang River, you can enjoy the beauty of the ancient city.
Xiangxi Dongmen City Tower is found in the east of Fenghuang Ancient City. It was originally named "Chengheng Gate" and is one of the four principal city gates of Fenghuang Ancient City. The upper gate of the city gate is made out of old bricks and the lower part is made of purple sandstone. Xiangxi Dongmen City Tower is a commanding height on the shore of the Minjiang River. Standing here, close to the ancient market at the base of the building and the Lijiang River at the foot of the building, the slings on both sides of the river and the verdant mountains are a great place to see the panoramic view of the ancient city.
The Fenghuang Ancient City Museum is located in Fenghuang County, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. It can be seen from the precious historical materials such as family relics, photos, pictures and other donations that Chen Baozhen’s descendants donated to the museum, as well as the “Standing Monument of Lun Yin Seal” by the Emperor Qing Tongzhi. Chen Baozhen, who was given by the Emperor Guangxu of the Qing Dynasty, was sitting on the wolf skin used by the patrol car.