The Shizhong Temple Grottoes are the most characteristic of the three major grotto areas (Shizhong Temple, Lion Pass, and Shadengqing) in the Shizhongshan Grottoes (also known as Shibaoshan Grottoes) in Jianchuan, Dali, Yunnan. The Shizhongshan Grottoes were created in the late Tang Dynasty and were excavated successively for more than 300 years from the Five Dynasties to the Southern Song Dynasty. It is more than 1,000 years ago. There are eight caves in the Shizhong Temple Grottoes. The statues in the grottoes are exquisitely crafted, colorful, and lifelike. The terrain is undulating, the buildings are majestic, and the mountains are peculiar. Apart from cultural relics and Buddhist culture, they are of great ornamental value.
"Dali is famous for the Three Pagodas, and Jianchuan is famous for Shibaoshan." Since ancient times, Shibaoshan and Three Pagodas are two of the best in western Yunnan. They are pearls inlaid on the plateau of northwestern Yunnan on the southwestern border of the motherland. The Shizhongshan Grottoes excavated in the Tang and Song Dynasties (Nanzhao Dali Kingdom), known as the treasures of the South, is a "carved on stone" history of Nanzhao Dali Kingdom, which dominated southwestern China for more than 500 years during the Tang and Song Dynasties. The most direct, specific, rich and vivid cultural relics left by Nanzhao and Dali. The Shizhongshan Grottoes occupies a unique position in the history of Chinese grotto carvings due to their superb carving art value and precious cultural relic historical value. In 1961, it was promulgated by the State Council as the first batch of key cultural relics protection units in the country. The Buddhist statues in Shizhongshan Grottoes are deeply influenced by Indian Buddhism Tantric. The well-carved and well-preserved statues of "Eight Kings of the Ming" can be regarded as treasures of Buddhist Tantric art in China and the world; the statues of Buddha, Bodhisattva, Heavenly Kings, and powerful men in the cave are Buddhism of Nanzhao and Dali Kingdom Art treasure; the "Nanzhao King Statues Cave" in the grottoes is a true portrayal of the political life of the Nanzhao court; the foreign statues in the grottoes are a historical testimony to the cultural exchanges between China and Southeast Asia and West Asia; the "Nuyu" appeared in the grottoes "Stone Carvings" (Ayang Bai), together with the sacred and dignified Buddhas, Bodhisattvas and emperors, is a rare historical site in the world. The grotto sculptures are rich in content, unique in conception, and vivid in sculptures. They have strong local ethnic style and rich and exquisite artistic connotation. They provide direct and reliable research on the social history and folklore history of Nanzhao and Dali in southwest China. Physical information.
Shizhong Mountain, the core scenic spot of Shibao Mountain, is not the temple, but the grottoes. There are nine grottoes built during the Nanzhao Kingdom.
At the gate of Shibaoshan Scenic Area, you can buy a scenic spot ticket for 45 yuan and a round-trip ticket for a sightseeing bus of 40. It takes 15 minutes to sit under Shizhong Temple. The parking lot has the Moon Pavilion, which allows you to enjoy the scenery of the valley.
Follow the signs to Shizhong Temple. It is a path of stone steps up and down. It takes about 15 minutes to reach the temple. The other way is from the left side of the parking lot. Take the big road. It is basically a flat road, which saves effort and takes only 10 minutes. minute.
Enter the temple and climb up the stairs, there are the nine grottoes, the most peculiar is the grotto of Ayangbai, worshiping female genitals.
From the back door of the temple, there is a road leading to the Shi Dengjing Grottoes on the opposite side.
The grottoes are not large, but they are well preserved and very special. They are worth the price. The grottoes were excavated from the middle of the 9th century to the second half of the 12th century. It was the time of Nanzhao and Dali, about the time of our Tang Dynasty. Shibaoshan got its name because the red sandstone on the mountain formed a turtle-shaped crack, which resembled a lion and a bell and a Buddha's first bun, especially the huge rock in the temple resembling a bell, which is very peculiar. Photographs are forbidden in the grottoes, all photos are from the Internet ~ Grotto No. 1 reproduces the scenes of court political life after Nanzhao returned to Tang Dynasty in the late eighth century AD. Grotto No. 2 is a magnificent palace-style sculpture. It shows the most heroic historical figure in the history of Nanzhao, the fifth generation of Nanzhao King Ge Luofeng (reigned from 748 to 778 AD) during his tour. The grand political scene of "the unity of politics and religion". Grotto No. 3, Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva ~ Grotto No. 4, Huayan Three Sages, in the Huayan Sutra, Manjushri Bodhisattva assists Sakyamuni’s Dharma body Vairocana Buddha with wisdom and Samantabhadra. Tathagata). Therefore, the "Three Buddhas of Sakyamuni" are also called "Three Sages of Huayan". Grotto No. 5, statue of Sakyamuni. It is commonly called "Sorrowful Goddess of Mercy", with a cliff in the background, dotted with lumberjacks, old men, luthiers, boys and other secular figures. Guanyin leaned forward, looked down, and frowned slightly, staring silently at the miserable world. Grotto No. 6, Mingwangtang, is the largest cave with a length of 11 meters and a height of 3 meters. The layout is rigorous. At the center is the peaceful Buddha Shakyamuni. The two sides serve Ananda and Kassapa. Lord. The No. 7 Grotto, Ganlu Guanyin, the seated statue is 1.52m high, with the left hand holding a bowl on top of the knee, and the right hand holding up, like holding a poplar branch. The body is plump, shoulders are round, and it has a rich atmosphere of worldly life. Kind, but also showed the bodhisattva's generosity and kindness. Although the body has the characteristics of a Bai woman, the exquisite earrings, arm studs, and bracelets have absorbed the nutrition of the Indian Gandhara art and are known as the "Oriental Venus". Ganlu Guanyin is dignified but not superficial, beautiful, smart, kind and compassionate but not frivolous. A small rectangular hole was excavated in her chest, so people called her "Avalokitesvara". Grotto No. 8, "Ayangbai" is very peculiar. What is carved is a 0.8-meter high relief female yin. It is said that this kind of sculpture is a relic of matrilineal society, which is rare in China.
Shibaoshan Grottoes is a grotto in Shibao Mountain, Jianchuan County, Yunnan Province. It is located on Shizhong Mountain, the branch peak of Shibao Mountain, 25 kilometers southwest of the county seat. The grottoes were excavated in Nanzhao (Tang Dynasty) and Dali in the 9th to 12th century AD The Kingdom (Song Dynasty) period coincided with the "integration of politics and religion" in Nanzhao and the prevalence of Buddhism in Dali, which reproduced the crystallization of the wisdom of the southwestern ethnic groups dominated by the Bai nationality. The grottoes are distributed in three locations: Shizhong Temple, Serdang Village, and Shiziguan. There are a total of 17 grottoes with 139 statues, five links on the stele, and forty-four statue inscriptions and other inscriptions. The statues are carved on red sandstone. There are two types of content: one is Buddhist themes, including Buddha, Bodhisattva, Guanyin, King of Heaven, King of Ming, powerful men, threatened servants, and Arhats, and the other is secular themes, including King Nanzhao , Qingping official, South Asian monk and other characters.
Preston_Dominguez: Jianchuan, Dali, Yunnan, China
Jeremy_Dodson: I recommended Shizhongshan Grottoes,Lion Pass Grottoes,Shizhong Temple,Ciyin Nunnery,Diantoucun