Kaifeng is located in eastern Henan. It is one of China's seven great ancient capitals and a famous historic city. Early during the Northern Song Dynasty this was the economic, cultural and legal center of China. Today it has become known as a bustling international metropolis. The famous scroll painting "Along the River During Qingming Festival" showcases the glory of Kaifeng during its era as the eastern capital of China. The current city of Kaifeng still has an ineffable air of antiquity. When searching for the ancient capital among the ruins and broken tiles, it is easy to find yourself imagining the incredible prosperity the city must have had at the time "Along the River During Qingming Festival" was painted. "Along the River" is far from being the only painting Kaifeng is famous for. The city has also been home over the years to many calligraphers and painters, and is known as a city of refined culture and entertainment. To stroll among the various local academies and theaters is a unique experience in and of itself.
As an ancient capital of the Eight Dynasties, Kaifeng reached its peak during the Northern Song Dynasty and was the most prosperous then.Stories of Justice Bao, The Seven Heroes and Five Gallants, The Generals of the Yang Family etc. have added a dash of mythical charm to the place.Although most of the historical sites in the Northern Song Dynasty have been destroyed by floods, you can catch a glimpse of the Eastern Capital, Bianliang from the restored replica of the Song Dynasty architecture.