The Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark, formerly translated as "lián (lián) country", "嗹 horse"), referred to as Denmark, one of the five Nordic countries, is a constitutional monarchy with two autonomous territories, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. It faces Sweden and Norway across the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in the north, and is collectively called the Scandinavian country. It borders Germany in the south, and the capital and largest city is Copenhagen.
Amalienborg Palace is the residence of the Danish royal family. It consists of four identical classical palace facades, surrounded by rococo interiors in an octagonal courtyard; in the center of the square is a huge equestrian statue of King Frederick V, founder of Amalienborg. Amalienborg was originally built for four noble families. However, when the Christiansborg Palace was burned down on February 26, 1794, the royal family purchased these palaces and moved into this palace. Over the years, various monarchs and their families lived in four different palaces.