Manchuria means "exuberant spring" in Mongol. In 1901, it was named Manchuria for the establishment of the China Eastern Railway. Manchuria is a port city with over a century of history. It is reputed to be the "Window of Asia." It is an inland port, straddling the economic areas in the northeast and south of China, bordering Russia in the north and connecting with Mongolia in the west. It sits at a key junction of the Eurasian continental bridge.