Qufu Konglin, formerly known as Shenglin, is the world's largest, oldest and most preserved clan cemetery.
2000 years ago, there are 100,000 porous sons and descendants buried here. The deceased of different ages stay here, with their own life stories, gazing at the return of generations, dust, dust, earth Return to earth. Unlike the imagination, these tombs are not arranged in a regular arrangement, scattered in the grass, and added a lot of sadness in the past. Although it is listed on the World Heritage List, Kong Lin should be the coldest and quietest spot in the three holes.
The ancient trees in Konglin are towering, and the maolin is deep. It is said that the disciples of Confucius were brought from their hometowns after their death. Therefore, the species is very rich, with more than 40,000 plants and many rare species. An ancient and vast man-made garden. The
Konglin dynasty has more than 3,000 monuments, recording the rise and fall of the Kong family in the millennium. In addition, there are more than 300 stone tools and gates. These antiquities have experienced thousands of years of wind, rain and sun, and have already shown a weather-beaten attitude.
The cemetery of the Confucius family, covering an area of 2 square kilometers, has been included in the World Heritage
to travel to Qufu, Shandong Province. The three holes are a must-see tourist attraction. The three holes refer to Confucius Temple, Confucius Temple and Konglin. Confucius Temple is adjacent to Confucius, located in the center of Qufu, and Konglin is located in the north of the city. It is a family cemetery of Confucius and its descendants, and a world cultural heritage. After the death of
Confucius, the disciples buried him in the northern waters of Qufu City. At that time, they were still "tombs without graves." Since the Qin and Han Dynasties, the graves have been built. As the status of Confucius is getting higher and higher, Konglin is getting bigger and bigger.
Reconstructed and repaired Konglin 13 times in the past, planted 5 times of tree plants, and expanded the forest land 3 times. The entire wall around the Konglin is 7.25 kilometers long. The wall is more than 3 meters high and 5 meters thick. The total area is 2 square kilometers, which is much larger than Qufu City.
Kong Lin is the longest family cemetery in the world. It has a history of more than 2,000 years and was included in the World Cultural Heritage in 1994.
At present, the number of tombs in Konglin is large, the scale is large, and the preservation is intact. It is unique in the world. There are more than 100,000 tombs, 4003 tombstones, 116 ancient buildings, and 85 pairs of stone statues and stone instruments.
The tomb of Confucius, and the tomb of his son Kong Tong and his grandson Kong Tong are not far away, and it is also a place with more tourists. The front of the mausoleum is lined with stone statues, which were established during the Northern Song Dynasty, like the royal tomb.
To visit the Tomb of Confucius, you must first cross the bridge. Lishui, formerly the north wall of the ancient city of Luzhou, was the moat of the north wall, and later became the branch of Lishui. It formed the and 2 waters in the north of Qufu. Because Confucius taught between the two in the same year, he used it as a Confucian name. .
After the death of Confucius, the disciples brought their own home tree species around the Confucius tomb, and there were many species in Konglin. The banyan tree planted in Zigong died in the Ming Dynasty, and only the stumps were kept. Today, there are more than 100,000 trees planted in Konglin.
The world is so big, go to the graveyard to see?
Kong Lin, one of the three holes in Qufu, Shandong, is the family cemetery of Confucius and his descendants, and the family cemetery with the longest duration in the world.
Into the head, my first reaction is that this is not a cemetery covering more than 3,000 acres, but a natural museum of tomb culture: the perimeter of the cemetery wall is 5591 meters, between Maolin. There are more than 100,000 tombs, 4003 tombstones, 116 ancient buildings, and 85 pairs of stone statues and stone instruments.
Can the cemetery be included in the World Cultural Heritage? Yes, this piece of cemetery is in China, of course not the cemetery of ordinary people, but the family cemetery of Confucius and its descendants, called Kong Lin, located 1.5 kilometers north of Qufu City, Shandong. Kong Lin, as well as Confucius Temple and Confucius, collectively known as the "Three Holes", were included in the World Cultural Heritage in 1994.
Confucius Temple and Confucius Temple are together in Qufu City, and Konglin is a little remote and can be counted as an independent attraction. The cemetery of Konglin covers an area of more than 3,000 mu, also called Shenglin. It is the longest family cemetery in the world. It has been nearly 2,500 years since the death of Confucius. The size of
Konglin is constantly expanding. After the death of Confucius, the disciples buried him in the northern waters of Qufu City. At that time, they were still "tombs without graves." During the period of the
Qin and Han Dynasties, although the grave was built tall, there were still only a small number of cemeteries and several forest guards. Later, with the increasing status of Confucius, Konglin was growing in size.
Since the Han Dynasty, the Confucius has been rebuilt and upgraded 13 times in the past, and the plantings have been planted 5 times and the forest land has been expanded 3 times. The entire wall around the Konglin is 7.25 kilometers long, with a wall height of more than 3 meters and a thickness of about 5 meters, with a total area of 2 square kilometers.
Kong Lin has a lush forest with a total of 100,000 plants, which is a huge botanical garden.
Located north of Qufu, the Cemetery of Confucius is also known as "Zhisheng Forest," where Confucius and his descendants were buried. Since Confucius was buried here in 479 BC, his descendants were also buried here, and there are about 100,000 tombs so far. The Cemetery of Confucius is a very large, long-standing and well-preserved complex of tombs and artificial gardens.
Museum of the Chinese Han Dynasty Inscriptions in Qufu