Tours & Tickets
Situated on the Silk Road, Turpan is a bridge between East and West. The city is home to over 200 historical ruins. It is also one of the two largest centers of Uighur culture, which has its own unique cuisine, music, folk dances, religious customs and architecture. Turpan is known for its stunning desert landscape — major attractions include Grape Valley, the Flaming Mountains and the Kumtag Desert. Local produce includes grapes and melons.
The Flaming Mountains is part of the Turpan area of Xinjiang. It is located next to Huogao Expressway, on the east side of Turpan City. It is a scenic geological landscape dominated by vibrant red sandstone landforms. Historically, it is where the ancient country Gaochang used to be. Visitors can see the majestic landforms and the historical exhibition of Gaochang. “Journey to the West”-themed statues can also be found here. The Flaming Mountain Scenic Area is divided into two parts: underground and above-ground. The underground part is a gallery-style exhibition hall. There are statues and written passages related to the ancient city of Gaochang. After passing through the underground scenic spot, visitors can go to the level above ground to see the beautiful, fiery red sandstones and cliffs.
“Kumtag” means “Sand Mountain” in the Uyghur language. The Kumtag Desert is formed by the tempestuous winds from Tianshan's Qijiaojing Wind Gap and the Dabancheng Wind Gap. After a long journey, the sand that has been carried in the wind collides and deposits in the Kumtag area, forming a desert with various sand dunes. The Kumtag Desert has been developed into a scenic area integrating scientific research, investigation, exploration, sand sports and desert tourism. Looking south from the old town of Shanshan, the golden desert rolls endlessly into the horizon. For thousands of years, the desert and the oasis have coexisted like royal lovers.
As a valley under the Flaming Mountain, Huoyan Grape Valley Resort is located at the northeast of Turpan. Grape Valley is a shady and cool oasis in the scorching Flaming Mountain area. It is also known for its grapes grown in the grape valley, making it one of the most famous scenic spots in Xinjiang. Scenic spots in the resort include the Effendi Garden and the Music and Art Hall of Wang Luobin. Here, visitors can enjoy hundreds of types of grapes, appreciate Uyghur singing and dancing, and experience the Uyghur dwellings.
Situated to the west of the city of Turpan, Yarkhoto (also called Jiaohe) is a city which flourished during the Southern and Northern Dynasties through to the Tang Dynasty. Later, due to years of war, the city was abandoned and became a ruin. It is a relatively complete urban relic. The ruins of Yarkhoto are divided into temples, houses, and government offices. All the structures are made with rammed earth. Today these ruins of once magnificent rammed earth buildings give Yarkhoto its sense of historicity. It is a good place for photography. There is no clear route to follow when visiting the Yarkhoto Ruins. Take a walk and take photos as you please.