St. Peter's Basilica is the most iconic building in Vatican City. It serves as a magnificent monument to Bernini's talent. The church is massive and can accommodate tens of thousands of people. It's currently filled with breathtaking artistic treasures, including the "Pieta", created by Michelangelo. Following the narrow staircase, visitors are lead to the observation deck outside of the dome of the main hall of the cathedral. It is a fantastic place to get a panoramic view of Rome. Here one can also see the 13 statues on the top of the cathedral, with Jesus Christ holding a cross in the middle.
The Vatican Museum is home to many invaluable treasures from Egypt, Greece, and Rome, as well as a number of works that represent the essence of Renaissance art. Treasures housed in the museum include Michelangelo's painting "Genesis", Raphael's "Athens Academy" and much more. Aside from the collection in the museum, the museum itself is built in an architectural style that is well worth the visit. The spiral ramp at the exit and the sculpture "Broken Earth" in the courtyard are both awe-inspiring.
Located in the city of Rome, the Vatican is a city state and the center of Catholicism for the entire world. This tiny country hosts visitors and pilgrims from around the world every day. The line in front of St. Peter's Cathedral often stretches out in a winding S-shape as countless visitors wait to enter the church and admire the panoramic view of Rome. The front of the Vatican Museum is also often packed with tourists hoping to get a glance of the many rare treasures to be found in the museum.
St. Peter's Square is located directly in front of St. Peter's Basilica. Laid out in the 17th century, it is a gathering place for Christians. Standing in this grand square, even if you are not a christian it's hard not to be awestruck by its grandeur. Many sculptures, all of religious figures, stand atop a colonnade surrounding the square, which was completed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini and his students. At the center of the square stands an obelisk that originally stood at Heliopolis, but was later ordered to be brought to Rome by the emperor Caligula. At the top of the obelisk there was once a gilt ball that was said to contain the ashes of Julius Caesar.