During the National Day, I went to Xidi, an ancient village in Southern Anhui Province, from which I was inspired and nurtured by beauty. Today I want to share with you. There are many Ming and Qing buildings in this village. Through these buildings, we can see the life, interest and pursuit of the ancients. PS: The local villagers told me that the reason why they kept so well was that they were too poor to build new houses!! Indeed, the village is surrounded by mountains, and there are three streams running through the middle of the village. There is no arable land around it, so it is impossible to create economic growth. I was deeply impressed by one of the houses, which was called Ruiyuting. It was built in 1853 in Xianfeng, Qing Dynasty. The former owner was a businessman. Now the descendants of the former owner live in it. We visit the front hall and they live in the backyard. Above the entrance to the courtyard is a brick eaves, originally for the role of shelter from the wind and rain. Later, the decorative meaning was strengthened and brick carvings were added. Later, it became a symbol of status and became more and more exquisite. Into it, is a small flower hall, planted a lot of flowers and plants, feeling full of business, small window decoration on a close look, or sweet-scented osmanthus pattern, interesting! There is a hole on the wall, which means to make oneself act in harmony with the law of nature - amp; the necessity of things'development - amp; one's own heart - amp; the working environment and interpersonal environment around are in harmony with the situation, which is very interesting. Inside, you can see the reception hall. Almost every house has such a hall and similar decorations. There is a picture hanging in the middle, couplets on both sides, a plan below, a Western clock in the center of the case board, a vase on the right, a mirror or screen on the right, implying a lifelong calm. In front of it is a square table with a Taishi chair on each side. The man sits on the right and the woman sits on the left. There are two clever designs on the left and right sides of the hall. People pass through the hall to form a slogan, just like a merchant word, implying that everyone is engaged in business. There is also a famous couplet on both sides: every time happiness comes from hard work, it is cheaper to lose. The first couplet has less words, the second couplet has more words, the second couplet has less words, and the second couplet has more words. It means more hard work, more happiness, and more cheapness. It seems reasonable, but I dare not totally agree with it. My favorite part is the four golden wood carvings on the four corners of the patio. Generally, only officials can carve animals like lions. Businessmen and ordinary people can only carve flowers and birds in four seasons. But these four wood carvings are very exquisite and have a good moral. Danfeng Chaoyang implies bright future. Fengfeng wears peony. Fengfeng is the king of birds. Peony is the king of flowers. It implies wealth, happiness and beauty. Mandarin ducks play with water implies husband and wife's love, sweet marriage and happiness. Magpie climbs plum implies good luck. From this we can see the pursuit and cultural connotation of the host family.
Second time. Xidi and Hongcun are rated as world cultural heritages. They are representatives of thousands of ancient villages in Huizhou. They are typical of Huizhou culture. If you want to understand Huizhou culture, you must come here. Compared with Hongcun, Xidi has less commercialization and more tranquility. It has a different beauty. It needs to be realized slowly. Walking on the bluestone road in the village in the morning or evening, the white wall, the Daiwama head wall, is like crossing the general. At this time, Xidi is the most beautiful and suitable for photography, so Xidi is the best place to stay for one night. Xidi Village has many big alleys and three small streams. It feels almost the same. It's easy to get lost for the first time. On the south side of the village, you can see the pastoral scenery. On the south side of the hillside, there is a viewing platform, which is suitable for viewing the village panorama and taking pictures. Not to mention more, relax and adjust your mind to play, where you can find different beauty, get different feelings.
Xidi, Hongcun; Xidi is always associated with Hongcun. Whether it's group or self-driving, most of them have played in Hongcun, and by the way, they will go to visit Xidi. After all, they belong to Yixian County, and the distance is only about 10 minutes. Hongcun has a bigger reputation and a stronger commercial atmosphere. By contrast, the individual prefers Xidi. Wandering among them, looking at the old houses, living in the families of future generations, walking through wide and narrow lanes, looking at the sunlight shining on the mottled grey walls, as if through a thousand years, touching Huizhou's long-standing culture. Culture is engraved into the family motto in the ancestral temple, engraved on the links of each family, and even the seemingly inadvertent leaves carved on the outer wall tell us the homesickness of the Huizhou merchants who are going south and north, that is, the return of leaves to their roots. That follows my journey to Xidi and stroll around ancient Hui-style dwellings similar to Hongcun. Before entering the village, let's talk about the origin of the village name. " Xidi "Village, there is water flowing westward beside the village, and because there is a post office not far from the village, the official post office is called a post station, and the folk self-built post office is also called a shop, taking the words in the middle, there is a tiger in the traditional delivery, taking the tiger's anger intentionally, and the village is named Xidi . Xidi Village was built in the Northern Song Dynasty and has been the place where Hu family lived since 950. The ancestral hall records Hu Jing in Ming Dynasty, which is inherited from Hu Xueyan of Hui merchants. One is Jia Zhi and the other is Ren Zhi. The village is boat-shaped, surrounded by mountains on all sides, and two streams pass through the village. Streets and alleys in the village are laid along the stream, all of which are paved with bluestone. The whole village space is natural and smooth, with appropriate dynamic and static conditions. The ancient buildings on both sides of streets and lanes are simple and elegant. From the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, there were more than 100 dwellings and three ancestral temples, including the ancestral temples and private buildings. Before entering the village, we saw a memorial archway. Three Qingshi archways, built in the sixth year of Wanli in Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1578), have four columns and five floors. They are magnificent and delicate in structure. They are the symbols of Hu family's prominent status. The memorial archway is inscribed on both sides with eight characters: quot; Prime Minister Jingfan and the history of Jiaozhou's assassination Hu Wenguang, from Jiaozhou to Prime Minister Jingfan, inscribed the memorial hall with his resume, which is also the praise of the emperor. The carving of the archway is very delicate. The inverted stone lion is used for reinforcement and integration of shape and archway. Having seen the archway, he went into the village, which had only one entrance. From here on, from here on, it feels more compact and safe than Hongcun. There are guides to take them along and visit them one by one according to the scheduled route. Officials, businessmen, Confucians, Ming and Qing Dynasty, follow the guide to visit one by one. Listen to her explain each family's history, culture, as well as the words, words on the strange. Fast words with one stroke less, Xin words with one stroke more, each stroke is full of the master's deep intention. Entering the Lufutang built during Kangxi's reign, it is elegantly furnished and full of the fragrance of books. Another ancient residence in the village is-quot; doctor's-quot; built in the 30 years of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, it is a pavilion-style building facing the street with-quot under the forehead; for a step backward thinking-quot; inscription. Because it was built at the corner of the roadway, a corner was cut off and a step back was taken to build it. It's about architecture and being a man, but the high eaves are still flying out, and it's a retreat to stick to the principle. Retreat makes progress. Walking in Xidi, you can see stone carvings and brick carvings everywhere. There are countless beautiful wood carvings, Xidi - a place worthy of your careful taste.
Xidi Village originated in the 11th century A.D. and flourished in the 14th and 19th centuries. Historically, the wealth accumulated by Huizhou merchants built many luxury houses in relatively closed villages, gradually forming ancient villages such as Xidi and Hongcun. Because it is less attacked by war and economic development, the original form of villages is well preserved and the authenticity and integrity of historical development are maintained. In 2000, it was listed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO. Xidi's ancient alley and old house are immersed in the long-term culture. They are slowly wandering around the village and outside, savoring the vastness and depth of Huizhou culture. Anhui vernacular dwellings have a strong sense of integrity and beauty in appearance, high walls are sealed, horse heads are warped, wall lines are scattered, black, gray and white colors in the green mountains and waters appear quiet and harmonious, but also for the exclusive use of the Royal golden brilliant decoration taboo. Xidi and Hongcun ancient residential communities are typical representatives of Anhui residential areas. Among them, Xidi won by residence, which is called "the treasure house of ancient residential buildings". Architecture is solidified music, while the exquisite Hui-style dwelling house is a soothing and melodious zither song. In the decoration of ancient dwellings, wood-carved bricks and stone carvings are mostly used, such as : brick-carved door cover, stone-carved leaky windows, wood-carved window lattices, crotch pillars, etc. Huizhou dwelling is one of the quintessences of Anhui culture, and it is a very delicate architectural faction. From bricks and tiles, windows, beams and pillars to houses and courtyards, the wisdom, diligence and shrewdness of Anhui people are all revealed. In front of Xidi Village stands Hu Wenguangci Archway in Ming Wanli Lunian. It is towering, solemn, elegant and outstanding in stone carving. The archway is built entirely in local black Yixian Qing, and decorated with typical embossment, carving, round carving and other crafts. This archway is the representative work of Shifang of Hui School in Ming Dynasty. During the Cultural Revolution, 12 other archways at Xidi Village Pass were destroyed, which was the only one that survived. Jing Ai Tang - "Xidi Village's largest clan ancestral temple, is also the largest and oldest building in the village, with a history of more than 400 years. A pair of brick carvings in Xidi Village "Xiyuan" were rejected by the owner of the house in the 1960s when foreigners sought to buy them for $100,000. Now we can enjoy such exquisite works of art. Xidi Village Visit Ticket is 104 yuan per person and Ctrip Online Purchase is 90 yuan per person. Half ticket for 60-64 years old, free for 65 years old and over. Xidi Village accommodation and meals are also very convenient, Huiniang Cultural Folk Hotel is recommended, 300 years old house renovation, the owner of the shop is very literate, operating the hotel very attentively. The traffic around Xidi is very convenient. Two kinds of bus tour buses run half an hour or one hour, and the fare is not expensive.
Xidi Ancient Village is located between Tunxi and Hongcun, which is close to Hongcun, about 30 minutes'drive. The intercity bus stop is just in front of Xidi Ancient Village. Entering the archway, crossing the lotus pond, entering the ancient village, there are fewer people than Hongcun, teaching is more closed, primitive folk customs still exist, the Ming and Qing dynasties buildings are well preserved, and the whole village can be looked forward to. In spring, you can also see the Hui style buildings surrounded by golden rape flower fields, such as a beautiful picture of nature, and feel the long history and culture. It's worth a visit.
1. Xidi Ancient Village, together with Hongcun, has been awarded the World Cultural Heritage Site and is also a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction. Xidi, located in Yixian County, Huangshan City, Anhui Province, is one of the two most representative ancient villages in southern Anhui. It is famous for its exotic pastoral scenery, well-preserved village form, exquisite Hui-style houses and rich historical and cultural connotations. Xidi ancient village was built in the reign of Huangyou in the Northern Song Dynasty, developed in the middle of Jingtai in the Ming Dynasty, flourished in the early Qing Dynasty, and has a history of nearly 960 years. 2. Xidi Ancient Village has a strong antique flavor, thick pulp and great attraction. Xidi Ancient Village has profound cultural connotations. When visiting Xidi, you should never forget to appreciate the Sanduo - "Ancient archway (village entrance), ancient couplets (especially the first couplet in the world called by Zhu Rongji), ancient ancestral temples and so on. 3. The owner of Xidi Old House often integrates his way of being an official and his philosophy of dealing with affairs into his house and couplets. Only by careful tasting can he understand. 4. Most of the Xidi buildings are built by officials and officials, focusing on stone carvings, which is also one of the scenic spots reflecting the essence of the cultural heritage of southern Anhui. 5. When you visit Xidi ancient village, you must first listen to the guide's explanation, then take pictures by yourself. If you don't take pictures while listening to the lecture, you will not hear many meanings of culture and tradition. 6. For more information about the Xidi Scenic Area in Yixian County, Anhui Province, click on my Ctrip Travel Note "the archway is very ancient, the ancestral temple is thick, the philosophy of official life is deep in couplets, the stone carvings are exquisite - Anhui Xidi Ancient Village Travel Notes], the link address is - "http://you.ctrip.com/travels/xidi1207/3285065.html.
Hongcun is located in the northeast of Yixian County, Huangshan City, Anhui Province. It is an ancient town hidden in "Peach Blossom Garden Family" and is famous both at home and abroad for an Oscar-winning film "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon". But more people know it because of the reputation of village in Chinese painting. Because of its representative Hui architecture, high Horsehead wall, clear lotus lake, arch bridge like a rainbow, like a picture into the hearts of many people. The village covers an area of 19.17 hectares (more than 300 mu). It was built in Shaoxing of Southern Song Dynasty (1131 A.D.). Its original name "Hongcun" was changed into Hongcun during Qianlong of Qing Dynasty. It has a history of more than 870 years. It was originally inhabited by Wang surname. There are 138 ancient buildings in Ming and Qing Dynasties. From the whole appearance, Hongcun is a peculiar cattle-shaped ancient village in the ancient Yitaohuayuan. It relies on the Huangshan Yumaiyang Trestle Range and Leigangshan Mountains. The terrain is relatively high. The surrounding mountains and the pink walls reflect the green tiles in the lake. It is like a landscape painting rolled out slowly. It attracts many people who like sketching, photographers and film and television works. Hundreds of ancient dwellings in the village are in a row, among which "Chengzhitang Hall" is the most perfect ancient dwelling house protected in Yixian County. Its main hall beams, arches, flower doors and window lattices are woodcarvings with exquisite craftsmanship, complex layers, numerous characters, different faces and different gods, which can be called the woodcarving exquisite works in the art of "Four Carvings" of Hui School. Visitors from home and abroad are all fascinated by it.
Huizhou Travel in the early winter (2) "Peach Blossom Source Family - Xidi, World Cultural Heritage, National AAAAA Class Tourist Area, Ming and Qing Dynasty Ancient Residence Museum, located 8 kilometers east of Yixian City, was built in the reign of Huangyou in the Northern Song Dynasty (A.D. 1047), with white walls and grey tiles covered by green trees, Huizhou's three unique ancient architectural Arts - "rich houses, solemn ancestral halls, magnificent archways "exquisite. The gardens, bricks, wood and stone carvings are decorated with all kinds of carvings. There are buses running through Huangshan Railway Station and Passenger Railway Station. The journey is about an hour, and the fare is 15 yuan (passenger train in front of the railway station).
As a world cultural heritage, Xidi is also a national AAAAA tourist attraction, located in Yixian County, Huangshan City, Anhui Province. Hongcun, which is not far away from Hongcun, is the two most representative ancient villages in southern Anhui. It is famous for its exquisite idyllic scenery, well-preserved village form, exquisite Hui-style houses and rich historical and cultural connotations. It is known as the village in the painting. Xidi was founded in the reign of Huangyou in the Northern Song Dynasty, developed in the middle of Jingtai in the Ming Dynasty and flourished in the early Qing Dynasty. It has a history of nearly 960 years. It is 700 meters long from east to west, 300 meters wide from north to south, more than 300 households with a population of more than 1000. Because of the westward flow of water near the village and the ancient post station for delivering mail, the name "westward delivery" is known as "peach blossom source family". The whole village of Xidi is boat-shaped, surrounded by mountains, two streams passing through the village. The three Qingshi archways at the head of the village were built in the sixth year of Wanli in Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1578). They are four columns and five floors. They are magnificent and delicate in structure. They symbolize the prominent status of Hu family. Streets and alleys in villages are laid along streams, all of which are paved with bluestone. The whole village space is naturally smooth and suitable for dynamic and static conditions. The ancient buildings on both sides of streets and lanes are simple and elegant. Xidi Village has 124 ancient residences in Ming Dynasty, 124 ancient residences in Qing Dynasty and 3 ancestral temples, including Lingyun Pavilion, Shishi Archway, Ruiyuting, Taoli Garden, East Garden, West Garden, Doctor's Office, Respect Hall, Lufu Hall, Qingyun Xuan Hall, Yinfu Hall and so on, which can be regarded as the model of Hui School's ancient residential architecture art.
Individual visitors in Xidi Scenic Spot have free lectures led by tour guides. Under the guidance of the tour guide, they visited various figures, ancient houses of different social levels and the folk culture here in turn. Most importantly, representative stone carvings, brick carvings and wood carvings must be guided by tour guides in order to understand. Xidi has 99 streets and lanes. Only by following the guide can we find the key points. But at that time, I heard it very clearly. I could not remember it clearly after the event. I was not as impressed as I had been looking for it all the way. If you want to have a good time, you should first go with the tour guide, have a taste of the local wine and tofu for lunch, then slowly turn around, take a sunset and then leave. It's very pleasant.