Yinchuan City, on the banks of the Yellow River, is the provincial capital of Ningxia Hui Minority Autonomous Region. In 1038 AD, Li Yuanhao (Emperor Jingzong of the Western Xia) founded the Xia Empire. He built his capital on the site of present-day Yinchuan. Today, on the outskirts of Yinchuan, you can find the well-preserved imperial tombs of the Western Xia Mausoleums. This has become one of the most-visited sites in Yinchuan. Yinchuan is also a city completely suffused with Hui ethnic style and culture. There are numerous mosques throughout the city. You can also go to the Helan Mountains, where it is possible not only to enjoy the beautiful natural landscape but also to take a look at prehistoric cliff paintings dating back to more than 10,000 years ago.
Zhenbeibao West Film Art Center is located in Yinchuan's Xixia District. This outdoor studio might seem a little rough and simple at first but it's well worth traveling the distance to see. Many famous Chinese films, including "The Herdsman", "Red Sorghum", "A Chinese Odyssey", and "14 Blades", were filmed here. Gong Li, Jiang Wen, Zhang Yimou - it seems as if every famous Chinese actor, actress and director has been here at some time. Within the three parts of the studio, Ming Dynasty City, Qing Dynasty City, Old Yinchuan Street, visitors are bound to see all sorts of familiar movie scenes. Additionally, visitors can even dress up in costume, play with movie props, and walk the ground where famous movies were filmed and famous stars once walked.
Shuidonggou Tourist Area in Ningxia, also known as Shuidonggou Site, is a site of the Paleolithic Age. There are military buildings such as the Ming Great Wall, forts, and soldier-hidden caves in the scenic are. The “Zhang San Xiaodian” in the scenic spot is worth visiting. This is where the two Frenchmen stayed, and these French people discovered the Shuidonggou site. You can choose to ride a camel to Hongshan Lake and take a cruise on the lake. The ruins museum in the scenic area restores the scenes of ancient human life and production 30,000 years ago.
The Western Xia Mausoleums are a complex of tombs located in the western suburbs of Yinchuan City at the foot of the Helan Mountains. These are the imperial tombs of the Western Xia Dynasty (1038-1227) and many emperors are buried here alongside their family members. The entire mausoleum complex holds the graves of nine emperors along with 140 accompanying tombs. The shape of the Western Xia Tombs are shaped differently from those of other imperial Chinese tombs and tomb clusters. Structurally, they resemble a piece of cornmeal "wotou" bread or a sharp-sided domed pyramid. The scenic area also has built a museum dedicated to the Western Xia Dynasty complete with exhibits on art and history of the Western Xia and an array of carved stone steles from that period. The museum hosts an abundance of imperial relics of the Western Xia. Museum docents are delighted to share all they know and will happily assist visitors in understanding more about the rise and fall of the Western Xia and their mysterious, fascinating culture and customs.
Helan Mountain rock painting, located in Jinshan Township, Helan County, Yinchuan City, was born about 10,000 years ago. It was a picture drawn and chiseled on the rocks by ancient ancestors in the long years using realistic or abstract artistic techniques. It records all aspects of ancient human social life in Yinchuan. There is also a rock painting museum in the scenic area that can be visited. The exhibits in the museum are mainly replicas and photographs of rock paintings. Walking along the boardwalk in the scenic area, it is the Helan Waterfall. The tourists with plenty of time can continue to walk deeper. The more natural the scenery is, the more beautiful it is.