Naha is located on the west coast of southern Okinawa, near Naha Bay on the East Sea. It is the capital of Okinawa Prefecture and the site of the Shuri Castle, the capital of the ancient Ryukyu Kingdom. It is now the largest political, economic and cultural center in the Ryukyu Islands. About one-third of Okinawa Prefecture’s industry are concentrated here, mainly including small and medium-sized industries such as food processing, and the sale of products such as fabric, coral, leather products, lacquerware, and ceramics. Naha has many palm and betel nut trees. It is a subtropical tourist area unlike any other in Japan and has famous attractions such as Gyokusendo Cave and Fukushuen, which is adorned with blue sea and white clouds.
The area outside the urban area of Naha is also worth visiting. One of the most famous attractions there is the Gyokusendo Cave, which is 5 kilometers long and is the largest cave in the East. Hanging from the top of the cave are thousands of stalactites which were formed by coral about three million years ago. There is also the Ryukyu Culture Theme Park in the Gyokusendo Cave Kingdom Village area where many local crafts are displayed, such as blown glass, pottery, and an alcoholic beverage called awamori. There are also local dance performances.
The average temperature is about 23°C and the annual rainfall is over 2000 mm. Naha has high temperatures and a rainy subtropical climate. Because of the oceanic climate, winter temperatures rarely fall below 10°C. In summer, although there are many days where the temperature is over 30°C, however, it hardly ever surpasses 35 °C.