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Located in the southwestern part of Shandong Province, Jining is the “hometown of Confucius and Mencius” and has a long history. Jining has many places of interest and is one of the birthplaces of Confucian culture. Confucius Temple and Confucius' Mansion are both very large in size and hold many cultural relics. They form part of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site. Han Dynasty monuments in Jining are large in quantity and famous for their high value. In addition, there are attractions such as Taibailou, Shengyuan Building, Iron Pagoda Temple and Dongda Temple, all contributing to the fascinating historical and cultural atmosphere.
The Temple of Confucius, Kong Family Mansion, and Cemetery of Confucius represent holy land memorialized throughout the history of China. The Temple of Confucius was built from the remains of Confucius's old residence and is a famous place for making offerings to the scholar. The scale of the Kong Family Mansion is second in China only to the Forbidden City, and it served for hundreds of years as the long-term residence of Confucius’s descendants. The Cemetery of Confucius is the burial site of Confucius and his descendants.
The Temple of Confucius was converted from his residence and is famous in China as a place to make offerings to the scholar. The temple is enormous, covering nine courtyards. The majestic complex includes over one hundred structures lined up facing each other along the central pathway. Today, offerings to Confucius are still continuously being made here, and scheduled major music and dance events draw many people who dress in traditional Chinese dress and come to worship Confucius.
Shuibo Liangshan Scenic Area is situated in Liangshan County, Shandong Province. The famous Chinese novel Water Margin was set here. Visitors can explore a number of buildings and scenes featured in the novel and watch traditional performances.
The Kong Family Mansion lies to the east of the Temple of Confucius. It was the historical residence of the direct descendants of Confucius and is a typical example of architecture from Chinese feudal society. The building contains official spaces and residential quarters. The enormous mansion has nine courtyards and over 400 rooms. There are a large number of historical relics on display.