Beihai Park lies to the northwest of the Forbidden City. Beihai, Zhonghai, and Nanhai are collectively know as the Sanhai. Beihai Park was once an imperial garden. It is also the park with strongest flavor of old Beijing within the Imperial City walls. In the mornings, elderly locals exercise and take a walk with their caged birds; the afternoons and evenings are the best time to taking a rowing trip around the park. When visiting Beihai Park, you can admire the exquisite buildings left behind by the dynasty. You can also sit beside the lake chatting with with the seniors, listening to their stories about Beijing.
Beihai Park is located in the center of Beijing, northwest of the Palace Museum. It is the imperial garden of Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. It is one of the oldest and most complete imperial gardens in China. Beihai Park is mainly composed of Beihai Lake and Qionghua Island. The white tower on the island is the symbol of Beihai. The Kowloon Wall in the park is one of the three existing imperial dragon walls in China.
Beihai Park should be regarded as the office of the emperor in the past. There are still a lot of national treasures worth visiting, such as Iron Shadow Wall, Kowloon Wall, Quick Snow Hall, not to mention the White Tower of Beihai Park, which is worth visiting again and again.
This is one of my favorite park in Beijing for I love having dinner inside the Fang Shan restaurant. After dinner from Fang Shan to the front of the park at night is the most beautiful walk. It makes me feel like an empress in a fairyland.
Beijing's backyard, environmental facilities have been perfected, all the year round are beautiful, the park has doors on all sides, traffic is super convenient, many lines can be reached. Boating on the lake inside the garden is the most pleasant. When the sun is shining, there are lotus blooming in summer. Because the old city park has been planted for many years and maintained well, the lotus blossoms are especially vigorous. It has a long flowering period, big flowers, and it is full of lotus fragrance to walk by the lake. Photographs are super beautiful! _______ There are several electric, manual and ferry boats on the lake. They can be rented at almost every wharf, depending on personal preferences. It's more convenient to have Huatian snacks and Qingfeng steamed buns in the restaurant. For example, Shangtuan City is charged separately! ___________
Beihai Park, on the west side of Jingxi and the northwest side of the Palace Museum, is one of the oldest, most complete, most comprehensive and representative imperial gardens in China. This is the park I've visited most often. Tickets are cheap near home. It's worth seeing every season. Especially in spring, the sky is high and refreshing, flowers are in full bloom, beautiful and intoxicating! __________
Next to the South Gate of Beihai Park (Fig. 1), there is a high platform surrounded by gray city walls. This is Beihai Tuansheng. She and Beihai Park are independent scenic spots. Beihai Tuancheng is the smallest ancient castle in the world. It was originally an island in Taiyechi Lake. The Jin Dynasty was a part of the Daning Palace. Yuan Dynasty is called Yuandi, also known as Yingzhou. By the first year of the first year of the year (1264), the Temple of Yitian was built on it. Ming Yongle 15 years (1417) reconstruction, renamed Chengguangdian, the island around the circular wall. The city is 4.6 meters high, with an area of 6176 square meters and a circumference of 276 meters. The Chengguang Palace was destroyed by the earthquake in 1679, the eighteenth year of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty. Kangxi was rebuilt in 1690. In the eleventh year of Qianlong (1746), it was expanded to this scale. When the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded Beijing in 1900, Tuan Cheng was completely looted. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Party and the government have made many repairs to Tuancheng. In 1961, the State Council listed Tuancheng and Beihai as key cultural relics protection units in the country. Beihai Tuancheng is famous for its three treasures "ancient trees, jade urns and Chengguangdian Baiyufo". Ancient trees are represented by "General Baipao" and "Shade Hou". Among them, "General Bai Pao" is Pinus bungeana (Fig. 2, 3, 4). This tree was planted in Jin Dynasty and was named "General Bai Pao" by Emperor Qianlong. Pinus bungeana is a precious ornamental tree in North China; Pinus tabulaeformis "Shade Hou" is a bunch of two needles (Fig. 5). It has been planted in the Jin Dynasty for more than 800 years. The tree is over 20 meters tall, its trunk is vigorous and tall, its branches and leaves are green and lush, and its top is round as a lid. Legend has it that the Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty visited Tuancheng in the midsummer of the year, and the palace people laid a case under the tree. The breeze slowly came and the sudden sense of sweat disappeared. Qianlong was very happy. He immediately sealed the tree as "Shade Marquis"; the jade urn, also known as "Dushan Dayuhai" (Figure 6), was made in the second year of the year of the first year (1265). The mouth is oval, 70 cm in height, 493 cm in circumference, weighing about 3500 kg. The relief sea dragon, hippocampus, sea pigs, rhinoceros and so on appear in the waves, lifelike. Kublai Khan, the ancestor of the Yuan Dynasty, once placed the jade urn in the Guanghan Hall on Qionghua Island. Legend has it that it was used to serve wine and banquets to the ministers. In the Ming Dynasty, Guanghan Hall collapsed and Jade Urn lost its popularity. After the discovery of Emperor Qianlong in 1745, Emperor Qianlong built a jade urn Pavilion in the 14th year of Emperor Qianlong (1749). The jade urn was placed in the pavilion with a stone pedestal carved with Han Baiyu. Forty people were ordered to write one poem each on the pillar of the pavilion. Jade urn is thick and simple, vigorous. Chengguangdian (Figure 7, 8) is the main building of Tuancheng, which is called Yitiandian in Yuan Dynasty. Qing Kangxi 29 years (1690) reconstruction, known as Chengguang Hall. The hall has a square double eaves to rest on the top of the hill. A single-eave coiled-shed-style Bay is introduced on all sides. Its unique and exquisite structure is a rare form in Beijing palaces. White Jade Buddha (Sakyamuni Buddha) is 1.5 meters high. It is carved from a whole piece of white jade. It is white and flawless. The top of the head and the pleats of the clothes are inlaid with rubies and emeralds. Legend has it that this white jade Buddha was recruited from Myanmar by the Ming Kuan monk in the 24th year of Guangxu (1898) and dedicated to Empress Dowager Cixi here. Jade Buddha has a notable knife scar on his left arm, which was cut by the Eight Nations Allied Forces in 1900. In addition, there are ancient buildings "Guqiutang" Fig. 9, couplets in front of the hall - "Cangguan Shouke's good friend Anzhi Tinglan into the drawing; "Yuqingzhai" Fig. 10, couplets in front of the hall - "a couplet with mountain light and water windows to extend the autumn moon and spring wind.
Beihai Park is located near the center of Beijing City, northwest of the Palace Museum, south of which is the Zhongnanhai Sea. The park, centered on Beihai, is the imperial garden of the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is also one of the oldest, most complete, most comprehensive and representative imperial gardens in China. Beihai has a large area. The lyrics of "Let's Swing Two oars" come from Beihai. There are famous scenic spots such as White Tower, Jiulongbi, Wulong Pavilion, Xiaoxitian and so on. The scenery is very beautiful. The white pagoda inside can be viewed from a distance. There is no need to climb up to see it. The short-term view is far worse than the long-term view. Qionghua Island also has Emperor Qianlong's imperial Title quot; Qiongdao Spring Yin Monument quot; which is one of the eight scenic spots in the capital. It is also recommended that you enter from the South Gate, so that it turns counter-clockwise. If you enter from the North Gate, then you go out from the South Gate. Although there is no charge, there is still a problem of second ticket checking, which is a bit troublesome. Finally, I strongly recommend that friends who travel to Beijing take some time to visit Beihai Park, where you can find different beauty in any season.