In early summer, the ancient locust trees in Guozijianli were mostly planted in the Yuan Dynasty, more than 700 years ago. The famous "Recovery Sophora japonica" was planted in the Yuan Dynasty, on the west side of the Yiluntang. Legend has it that this locust died in the late Ming Dynasty, but in the early summer of the 16th year of the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty, new buds and leaves sprouted on its branches, withered and rejuvenated. When the teachers and students of Guozijian found out, they began to praise it. It was the sixtieth birthday of Empress Dowager Cining, Qianlong's mother. People thought it was a good omen, so it was named "lucky Huai". There is also a "Luoguo Huai" beside the round pool in the west of Piyong Palace. Its trunk is in the shape of a Luo pot, with its upper part inclined to the south. The Luo pot on the north side of the trunk still has scars like those cut with sharp tools. It is said that Qianlong ordered people to cut off a large branch. The Piyong Palace was a place where the Emperor gave lectures. It was built under the chairmanship of Liu Yong, a scholar and supervisor of the state. The legend of Luo Guohuai is related to Liu Yong.
Guozijian is the central official school after the Sui Dynasty in ancient China. It is the highest school in the ancient education system of China, also known as Guozixue or Guozisi Temple. This is a rich historical and cultural heritage, here is the cultural heritage of China. All the way to Zijian, Guozijian and Confucius Temple together for the old Beijing historical and cultural tourist attractions. Guozijian has a history of 700 years. It is the highest institution of learning and educational administration in the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Tickets are 30 yuan, half-price tickets, there are also obligations to explain and free music performance to watch, more worthwhile, the deepest impression is the emperor's lecture place - Piyong and those magnificent archways and archways, ancient trees are also many. The National Imperial Inspection can be completed in at most one hour, while we have been transferred for two hours.
Guozijian is located in Guozijian Street (formerly Chengxian Street) in Andingmen, Dongcheng District, Beijing. The ancient Huaijiao Road on both sides of the street is adjacent to the Confucian Temple and Yonghe Palace. In 2004, the Confucian Temple and the National Inspection Museum opened, reflecting the regulation of the ancient "Zuo Miao Youxue". It is the highest administrative institution and the highest academic institution established by the state in the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, also known as "Taixue" "Guoxue". Guozijian was built from Yuan Dynasty to Yuan 24 (1287 AD). Yongle in Ming Dynasty was renovated and expanded on a large scale during the orthodox years. In 48 years of Qianlong in Qing Dynasty, a group of royal buildings "Piyong" was built to form the present regulations. At the time of the Reform Movement of 1898, schools were built, imperial examinations were abolished and the Imperial College was suspended. Piyong is the central building of Zijian, one of the six palaces in Beijing. Piyong is the only ancient "school of the emperor" in China. It is the place where emperor Linyong lectures. Its architectural style is unique. It is a square temple with a steep roof, surrounded by green water in Yuanchi, four stone bridges can reach four Yongmen, forming the system of "Piyong water". Yu Tian-tian-tian-tian-tian-yuan, the meaning of missionary and enlightenment, the temple paints the ceiling with color, sets up dragon chairs, dragon screen and other royal instruments for the emperor "Linyong" to lecture. In ancient times, students studying in the Imperial College were called "supervisors". The whole building of Guozijian is situated in the north and south facing the courtyard, with Jixian Gate (gate), Taixuemen (second gate), Liuli archway (front and back banners engraved with "Yuanqiao Jiaoze", "Xuehai Festival View", all of which are imperial letters of Emperor Qianlong), Yongdian Hall, Yilun Hall, Jingyi Pavilion, the east side of the front courtyard is connected with the Confucian Temple, the Confucian Temple is also known as "the ancestor temple", which is the place of Royal Sacrifice to Confucius. The buildings are the first Shimen Gate, the Dacheng Gate, the Dacheng Hall and the Chongsheng Temple, with 198 Tongyuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty Jinshi inscriptions on both sides. After more than 700 years, the main building of Guozijian is still well preserved, which is the only site of the highest ancient university. Guozijian is famous for its long history, unique architectural style and profound cultural connotation.
Guozijian is adjacent to the Confucius Temple in Beijing. It is a scenic spot as a whole. The tickets are also together. The adult is 30 yuan. The Imperial College of the State is the highest institution of learning in the three generations of Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties and the state educational administration organ. Emperor's lecture place-quot; Piyong-quot; can be called the classical Chinese wooden structure architecture, Qianlong Stone through the ocean grand view, gathering thirteen Confucian classics, called the cultural heritage protection masterpiece. The glass archway in the courtyard is also worth visiting.
The Confucian Temple and the Imperial Supervisor in Beijing, as important places for the Royal sacrifices to Confucius in the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, as well as the highest institutions of education and administrative organs, once assumed the cultural and educational functions of modern Peking University, Tsinghua, the Central Party School and the Ministry of Education. In 1901, the traditional academy was changed into a school (such as Jingshi University Hall). Then in 1905, the classics were abolished and the imperial examination system, which lasted for more than 1300 years, was abolished. The educational and administrative functions of Confucian temples and supervisors tended to decline, and Confucian and Confucian education weakened in an all-round way.
Guozijian is located on Yonghegong Street in Dongcheng District and on Guozijian Street 200 meters southwest of Yonghegong. It is the highest institution of learning in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties and the place where the emperor can listen to his lectures. Whenever the new emperor comes to the throne, he comes here to teach his students a lesson.
Beijing Guozijian and Confucian Temple are the highest educational institutions in the old society. They have the most important buildings that other Confucian temples did not have. The emperor teaches mediocrity and the overall architectural pattern is strict, which reflects the hierarchical distinction of the old feudal society. At present, they have been transformed into museums and visited gardens. Besides enjoying exquisite buildings, they can also enjoy the inscriptions of dragon, Phoenix and Phoenix dances.
Coming out of the Confucian temple, going to the West Gate, we went directly to Guozijian, which was the highest institution for students to study before. The most beautiful building should be Piyong. The circular water system surrounded Piyong, as if we could feel the temporary dignity of the emperor. The tour guide explained the story of carp jumping on the Dragon Gate in the Liuli archway building, which attracted many children to jump there.
Guozijian, a university in the Qing Dynasty, entered the gate, with inscriptions on both sides, inscribing the champions of the past dynasties. There are not many travelers in the park who are very quiet. They imitate the scene of the original students'class. Piyong Hall was once the place where the emperor taught. Yongrong luxurious, the roof carved dragon painting Phoenix is very exquisite.
Guozijian is the central official school after the Sui Dynasty in ancient China. It is the highest school in the ancient education system of China, also known as Guozixue or Guozisi Temple. In the three generations of Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, Taixue was also the highest administrative institution and the highest University of state management education. Taixue was an ancient university in China, and Guozijian and Taixue could be called each other. Compared with modern universities, Taixue is not only different from that point.